New HIV infections fell by 84 percent in the past two decades in Nepal – South Asia Time

New HIV infections fell by 84 percent in the past two decades in Nepal

 December 3, 2022  

Kathmandu — According to data unveiled by the National Centre for Aids and STD Control, Teku, the Ministry of Health and Population, the new infections were declined by 84 percent in 2021 in comparison of 2000.

In 2000, 4,370 HIV-infected were found in Nepal and the number fell to 680 in 2021. As assessed by Centre director Dr Sudha Devkota, hunt for probable infected and effective medical interventions are considered as the factors behind the improvement in the infection containment.

New infections rate is slowing down each year. Till the year 2021, the total number of infected was 30,000 and of them 0.12 percent are adults and 45 are children under 14, the data shows. Likewise, 21,723 or 72 percent are reeving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Dr Devkota sees the need of bringing all the infected into treatment procedures.

HIV infected continue to suffer social taboo and discriminations in the society and it must be ended, according to Devkota.

In 2021, 510 people died of HIV in the country and the figure was 1,765 back in 2007. The fatality rate in 2021 from the disease went down by 71 percent in compared to 2007. “This achievement was due to extensive medical intervention.”

Now, ART is available in 84 centers in 61 districts free of cost and community programmes against HIG infection have been implemented targeting mother- to- child transmission of HIV.

In a bid to eliminate the infection by 2030, the country has launched various programmes for the treatment and care of infected, affected and vulnerable groups as per the National HIV Strategic Plan 2021-2026.

The government has come up with the plan to identify and provide treatment to 95 percent infected people, getting undetectable viral load among the infected at 95 percent, and decrease new infection by 90 percent.

Going by history of HIV infection in the globe, it was detected in 1981, according to the World Health Organisation. The number of the infection has hit 84.2 million across the world. So far, 41 million people died of the infection.

2010, some 1.4 million people had died of AIDS in the world. Now, only 28.07 million, out of the total infected 38.04 million, in the world are under antiretroviral therapy (ART).

It is said the word reports 4,000 new cases of HIV infections each day followed by two in Nepal.

December 1 each year is celebrated as the World AIDS Day internationally and this year the Day was observed with the main theme of ‘Equalize’, calling for alleviating inequality and putting an end to life threatening disease ‘AIDS’.( RSS)